A country with one of the richest kite heritages in the world, Indonesia boasts the leaf kites of Sulawesi, the Pechukan, Janggan, and Bebean of Bali, the Sumbulan of central Java, among many others. The country’s kites are made from a variety of materials. Frames are made of bamboo; sails of cotton fabric, paper, foil, wax paper, leafs, or cassava paper.

As with many agrarian cultures, flying kites went hand in hand with the jubilation of a successful harvest. Indonesia is also an ocean culture in which kites were used for fishing; perhaps the first use of kites, anywhere.